Culture of Bali
- Music. Balinese traditional music has in common with traditional music in many other areas in Indonesia, for example in the use of gamelan and a variety of other percussion instruments. Nevertheless, there are peculiarities in the technique of playing and gubahannya, for example in the form of Kecak, ie a form of singing that supposedly mimic monkeys. Similarly, a variety of gamelan are played even unique, for example jegog gamelan, gamelan gong gede, gamelan xylophone, gamelan and gamelan Semar selunding Pegulingan. There is also music Angklung played for the cremation ceremony as well as Bebonangan music played in a variety of other ceremonies. There is a modern form of traditional music of Bali, for example Kebyar Gamelan Gong which is a dance music that developed in the Dutch colonial period and Joged tube which became popular in Bali since the 1950’s era. Generally, Balinese music is a combination of various metal percussion instruments (metallophone), gongs and wooden percussion (xylophone). Because social relations, politics and culture, traditional music of Bali or Balinese gamelan game influence or affect each other in the surrounding cultural regions, such as the traditional music community as well as traditional music community Banyuwangi Lombok. Balinese Music consist of : gamelan, Jeog, genggong, Bali silat.
- Dance. Balinese dance in general can be categorized into three groups, namely the trustee or the sacred art of dance performances, bebali or dance performances for ceremonies and also for visitors and balih-balihan or the art of dance for the entertainment of visitors. Balinese dance expert I Made Bandem in the early 1980s never classify the Balinese dances, among others who belong to the trustee for example Berutuk, Sang Hyang Dedari, Rejang and Baris Gede, bebali among others is Gambuh, Mask Pajegan and Wayang Wong, whereas balih-balihan among others is the Legong, Parwa, Arja, Prembon and Joged as well as various other modern dance choreography. One of the dances are very popular for tourists is the Kecak Dance. Around the 1930’s, Wayan Limbak working with German painter Walter Spies to create a dance is based on tradition Sanghyang and parts of the Ramayana story. Wayan Limbak popularized the dance this time around the world with his troupe of Balinese dancers. Young dancers were dancing Dancing Grouse, Ni Luh works of contemporary choreography Suasthi Bandem. Balinese Dance : Kecak Dance, Dance guardian, Sang Hyang Dedari, Sang Hyang Jaran, Rejang Dance, Line Dance, Janger, Dance bebali, Mask Dance, Gambuh.
- Balih-balihan Dance (Watching Dance). Legong dance, Arja, Joged tube, Drama Gong, Barong, Pendet, Kecak Dance, Candidate Charcoal.
Bali clothing is actually very varied, although briefly appeared similar. Each area in Bali has a symbolic and ornamental characteristics, based on activities / rituals, sex and age of users. One’s social and economic status can be determined based on the mode of dress and ornaments worn jewelry.
- Man Clothing
Children Men wearing udeng, white shirt and cloth.
Traditional fashion men generally consist of:
- Udeng (headband)
- Fabric seam
- Umpal (shawl fastener)
- Cain wastra (tank top)
- Various ornaments jewelry
- Clothes are often worn shirts, jackets and footwear as a complement.
- Woman Clothings
The dancers wore little bun, songket and prada fabric.
Traditional women’s clothing generally consists of:
- Bun (bun)
- Sesenteng (tank songket)
- Cain wastra
- Prada belt (Stagen), twisted hips and chest
- Scarves songket shoulders down
- Tapih cloth or sinjang, next to the
- Various ornaments jewelry
- Often kebaya worn, the cloth covering the chest, and footwear as a complement.
Main meal : Chicken betutu, Pork roll, Lecher, Be Kokak Mekuah, Be Pasih mesambel matah, Duck betutu, Berengkes, Grangasem, Jejeruk, Jukut Urab, Komoh, Lawar, Rice Bubuh, Rice Tepeng, Penyon, Sate Kablet, Sate Lilit, Sate pins, Turtle satay, Sate Plugs, Timbungan, Tum, Sequence Tabanan.
Addtional Food (Meal) : Sago Bubuh, Bubuh Marrow, Bubuh Tuak, Jaja Batun Duren, Jaja Begina, Jaja Bendu, Jaja Bikang, Jaja Engol, Jaja Godoh, Jaja Squatting, Jaja Ketimus, Jaja Klepon, Jaja Lak-Lak, Jaja Sumping, Jaja Tain Buati, Jaja Uli mission Tape, Jaja Diamonds, Nuts Rahayu, Salad Bulung, Kuah Rojak Pindang, Sweet salad, Salad Tibah, Salak Bali.
Weapons : Kris, Spear, Tiuk, Spur, Kandik, Caluk, Sickle, Udud, Gelewang, Trident, Arrow, Penampad, Garot, Tulud, Acts-Acts, Assumption, Irate, Blakas, Slicer.
Balinese homes in accordance with the rules of Asta Kosala Kosali (part of the Vedas that govern the layout of the room and building, as Feng Shui in Chinese Culture). According to the philosophy of the Balinese community, dynamic in life will be achieved if the realization of a harmonious relationship between aspects Pawongan, Palemahan and parahyangan. For the construction of a house should include these aspects or the so-called Tri Hita Karana. Pawongan are the occupants of the house. Palemahan means there should be a good relationship between residents and the environment. In general, building or area of Bali’s traditional architecture is always filled with ornaments, a carved, equipment and provision of color. Decorative contain a certain sense as an expression of the beauty of the symbols and the delivery of communications. Decorative forms of fauna species also serves as a ritual symbols are displayed in the sculpture.
- I Gusti Ngurah Rai
- I Gusti Ketut Jelantik
Bali Ceremony, Customs and Culture :